Serving Colorado's Counties

Technical Update 40 - Ransomware

July 30, 2020

Garmin Ltd., a GPS device and service provider, was the latest company to be hit by a ransomware attack. Ransomware has infected thousands of computers and networks across the United States, including a 2018 attack on the Colorado Department of Transportation (CDOT) that cost $1.5 million to undo. Ransomware is a virus or type of malware that locks users out of their computers or data unless they pay a “ransom”.

Tempting Targets

Ransomware attacks, especially on government systems, have become a large-scale criminal industry. In a three-year period, the two men indicted in the CDOT attack targeted more than 200 schools, government agencies, hospitals, and businesses across the U.S. and Canada. While CDOT did not pay the ransom, other victims paid more than $6 million. Ransomware attacks can be devastating and costly, often requiring the services of a data recovery specialist. Even if victims pay the ransom, something the FBI advises against, there is no guarantee that access to data or systems will be returned.

Phishing

Most ransomware attacks happen through phishing—emails that appear to be from a trusted source designed to trick people into clicking on a link or opening an attachment. For more information about phishing, refer to Technical Update vol. 23 no. 17 Phishing: What you Need to Know.

Taking Precautions

The Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA), a branch of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, recommends that organizations take the following precautions:

  • Update software and operating systems with the latest patches. Outdated applications and operating systems are the targets of most attacks.
  • Never click on links or open attachments in unsolicited emails.
  • Backup data on a regular basis. Keep it on a separate device and store it offline.
  • Follow safe practices (i.e., use strong passwords and two-factor authentication, be suspicious of unexpected emails, etc.) when browsing the Internet.
  • Restrict users’ permissions to install and run software applications, and apply the principle of “least privilege” to all systems and services. Restricting these privileges may prevent malware from running or limit its capability to spread through a network.
  • Use application whitelisting to allow only approved programs to run on a network.
  • Enable strong spam filters to prevent phishing emails from reaching the end users and authenticate inbound emails to prevent email spoofing.
  • Scan all incoming and outgoing emails to detect threats and filter executable files from reaching end users.
  • Configure firewalls to block access to known malicious IP addresses.

What This Means for Counties

Ransomware attacks are a rising threat for local governments. While CAPP does provide network liability coverage of varying limits for network extortion and other network security incidents, taking steps to prevent ransomware attacks is the best defense. The CAPP Network Liability policy is available at ctsi.org. For more information, contact CTSI at (303) 861 0507.

A PDF of this Technical Update is available here.

News & Updates

Technical Update 56 - Winter Driving: Preparing Your Vehicle

Winter in Colorado often brings icy conditions, snow, and slick roads. While it is always best to stay home when road conditions are poor, winter driving is necessary for many Coloradans. Ensuring that your vehicle is properly prepared for winter before poor road conditions set in can help prevent accidents. AAA recommends that drivers have […]

Read More
Technical Update 55 - Accident Investigations

Should a workplace accident occur involving employees, property damage, subcontractors, or the general public, the county should conduct an accident investigation to find the accident’s root cause and implement corrective measures to prevent future accidents. According to the CTSI Loss Prevention Manual : A good investigation identifies the root cause(s) and allows the supervisor to […]

Read More
Technical Update 54 - FSAs, HRAs, and HSAs

Flexible Spending Accounts (FSAs), Health Reimbursement Accounts (HRAs), and Health Savings Accounts (HSAs) are tax-advantaged accounts used to pay for certain qualified medical expenses such as co-pays, prescriptions, dental, and vision costs. Employers can offer any or all of these accounts as a benefit to offset healthcare costs. These accounts use pre-tax dollars and must […]

Read More
Newly Elected Officials Seminar
Read More
Technical Update 53 - No Campaigning on the Job

A February 2020 Gartner survey on politics found that 78% of workers discuss politics at work. Thirty-one percent of employees surveyed said that these discussions were stressful and frustrating, while 36% reported avoiding talking to or working with specific co-workers because of their political views. Politics can be a divisive subject, and it is best avoided […]

Read More